So, do you need to install a rearview camera on your vehicle if it doesn`t already have one? The short answer is no, you won`t. Currently, there is no car insurance discount for a rearview camera. The 1956 Buick Centurion Dream Car was a two-door vehicle that, for its time, was equipped with an amazing technological element: a rearview camera. A television camera was mounted at the rear of this vehicle and all the images taken were sent to a screen placed in the dashboard, replacing the rear-view mirror1. After 52 years of the dream car`s original launch, rearview cameras are a common accessory that is now included in most vehicles and is even required by law in the United States. The reversing camera law was probably introduced because of the many accidents involving children and the elderly killed by people driving upside down vehicles without a clear line of sight. Therefore, the safety characteristics of vehicles must be constantly re-evaluated to ensure that the latest solutions are used. Many high-end models and consumer vehicles with additional security packages already have rearview cameras. But the technology will now be standard even in the cheapest new cars. The regulation imposes reversing cameras and video screens for new models, a measure to avoid accidents where pedestrians – often children – are run over because a driver cannot see them when they reset their vehicle. Security advocates praised the final rules. They reportedly complained that automakers were taking advantage of rearview cameras by offering them as expensive add-ons rather than standard equipment, they welcomed the final rule.
40. NHTSA considers that sharing a camera would not be possible because the CMS camera would have to be much more oriented than the rear camera and sharing a single display area would not be possible, since the images of the CMS and the rearview camera would have to be displayed simultaneously in order to provide the driver with all the necessary fields of vision, when the vehicle is in reverse. After years of delay, the Department of Transportation announced the camera requirement in 2014, giving automakers several years to prepare. Rollback accidents kill about 210 people in the United States each year, causing another 15,000 injuries, according to NHTSA. The agency expects rear cameras — including those not required under the final rule — to save 58 to 69 lives a year once the warrant is fully in place. Other types of camera systems can provide a more complete view. 9. « Gentex Offers Unique Three-Camera Automotive Rear Vision System » January 5, 2017 ir.gentex.com/news-releases/news-release-details/gentex-offer-unique-three-camera-automotive-rear-vision-system accessed March 4, 2019. The NhTSA publishes this ANPRM to gather information and receive feedback so that the agency can decide whether (and if so, how) to propose an amendment to FMVSS No.
111, « Reversibility », to allow camera-based consideration systems (commonly referred to as « camera surveillance systems » or « CMS ») as an alternative compliance option instead of exterior mirrors or instead of all mirrors. both inside and out. In particular, NHTSA hopes that this ANPRM will provide additional safety research and data through the agency`s public comments process to support the possible development of future rules on the issue. The obligation for reversing cameras is aimed at saving the lives of children and the elderly in particular. More than 200 people are killed and more than 12,000 others are injured in « return » accidents each year, according to the Ministry of Transport. Of those killed, more than half were children under the age of 5 or adults aged 70 and over. Rearview cameras have already been found to reduce backup-related accidents by 17 percent, according to the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety. New cars sold in the U.S.
must be equipped with rearview cameras to help drivers avoid accidents under a federal ordinance that went into effect Wednesday. Although NHTSA has yet to formally respond to these petitions, Velvac (a manufacturer of mirrors for the truck, commercial, and recreational vehicle industries) sent a letter to NHTSA in September 2017 expressing concerns about the potential safety implications if NHTSA decided to grant a petition to amend FMVSS No. 111 to allow cmS as a compliance option.  Velvac argued that ISO 16505 should not be applied in the United States. Vehicles without making changes to requirements to reflect U.S.-specific vehicle configurations and applications. Velvac also suggested that a hybrid regulatory approach, which would require the installation of a camera and mirror, would be preferable. Velvac`s raison d`être was that FMVSS No. 111 already offers manufacturers the flexibility to adopt a hybrid approach (CMS technology combined with aerodynamic fmVSS No. 11S.
111-compliant mirror system) to improve fuel consumption, aerodynamics and visibility, while addressing human factors issues while maintaining an integrated safety mechanism. The rules require drivers to be able to see an area of 10 feet by 20 feet behind a vehicle. A camera system seems to be the only way for automakers to meet this requirement and meet separate standards for features such as « image size. » Because cars have blind spots where mirrors can`t see, rearview cameras add a layer of protection that ensures you get a complete view of your surroundings. WASHINGTON — The U.S. Department of Transportation today finalized a set of federal standards for rear visibility that require all new vehicles under £10,000 to be equipped with rearview cameras by mid-2018. (18) Depending on the location of the installation, cameras may be exposed to environmental barriers (e.g. dirt, ice, raindrops). We are seeking feedback on how such lens barriers can be avoided or mitigated. What performance requirements and associated test procedures that simulate these conditions have been developed to assess whether the camera provides a useful image? 3. Flowering is a type of image distortion that occurs on a video screen when the scene displayed on the screen contains an intensely bright light source.
On the screen, light from this light source bleeds or spreads to adjacent areas of the image. The overflow effect is especially noticeable in all dark areas of the image, which are directly adjacent to the area of light. This could potentially happen in a vehicle equipped with CMS when the headlights of other vehicles light up in the CMS camera at night. The Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers, the main lobby group for automakers in Washington, said in a statement that the industry has embraced the technology and offers standard or optional rear cameras in two-thirds of the 50 best-selling vehicles in the United States. 8. See, for example, the photo of the interior of a Volkswagen XL-1 concept with a side view camera has a screen on the passenger side to check outside the vehicle. www.autonews.com/article/20140407/OEM06/304079935/teslas-push-to-replace-side-view-mirrors-sparks-safety-fears. Retrieved 30 January 2018. International standards and regulators have taken steps in recent years to develop performance standards and testing procedures for CMS. In particular in 2015, ISO published ISO 16505, « Road vehicles – Ergonomic and performance aspects of camera surveillance systems – Requirements and test procedures », which contains detailed test procedures to evaluate the performance of cameras and displays used in CMS. In addition, UNECE R46, the type-approval standard used by most European countries for « devices for indirect vision », was amended in 2016 to include much of ISO 16505 and now allows CMS.  CMS are now allowed as an alternative to mirrors in the dozens of countries for which UNECE R46 is in force without objection.
 We note that so far only two models of vehicles equipped with a CMS instead of mirrors have been marketed and only one of these two models is in production worldwide.  However, at least one manufacturer has announced its intention to offer other models equipped with CMS.  The Reversing Cameras Act came into force in May 2018 and requires every new vehicle to be equipped with a rearview camera and video display. This means that even the cheapest vehicles on the market must now be equipped with rearview cameras.